Production control is the activity of monitoring and controlling a large physical facility or physically dispersed service. It is a “set of actions and decision taken during production to regulate output and obtain reasonable assurance that the specification will be met.” The American Production and Inventory Control Society, nowadays APICS, defined production control in 1959 as:
Production control is the task of predicting, planning and scheduling work, taking into account manpower, materials availability and other capacity restrictions, and cost so as to achieve proper quality and quantity at the time it is needed and then following up the schedule to see that the plan is carried out, using whatever systems have proven satisfactory for the purpose.
Production planning and control in larger factories is often run from a production planning department run by production controllers and a production control manager. Production monitoring and control of larger operations is often run from a central space, called a control room or operations room or operations control center (OCC).
One type of production control is the control of manufacturing operations.
- Production planning and control about the control of the when and where.
- Production control and supply chain management
Management of real-time operational in specific fields.
- Production control in the television studio in a production control room.
- Master control in Television studio
- Production control in spaceflight in a Mission Operations Control Room
Production control is just one of multiple types of control in organizations. Most commons other types are:
- Management control, one of the managerial functions like planning, organizing, staffing and directing. It is an important function because it helps to check the errors and to take the corrective action so that deviation from standards are minimized and stated goals of the organization are achieved in a desired manner.
- Inventory control, the supervision of supply, storage and accessibility of items in order to ensure an adequate supply without excessive oversupply.
- Quality control, the process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production